Reading: Brexit, Archaeology and Heritage: Reflections and Agendas


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Brexit, Archaeology and Heritage: Reflections and Agendas


Andrew Gardner ,

UCL Institute of Archaeology, GB
About Andrew
Dr Andrew Gardner is Senior Lecturer in the Archaeology of the Roman Empire in the Institute of Archaeology, UCL. Andrew took all of his degrees at the Institute, from 1992-2001, with a year out working in commercial archaeology (and a record store!) in 1995-6. Following completion of his doctorate, Andrew worked in various capacities at the Institute until 2003, when he took up two part-time posts simultaneously, teaching at the University of Leicester and co-ordinating archaeology programmes at the School of Continuing Education at Reading University. Then, in 2004-5, Andrew was a Lecturer in Roman Archaeology at Cardiff University, on a fixed-term contract, after which he joined UCL. Andrew has published widely on Roman archaeology and archaeological theory, and excavated at sites all over the UK. Most recently, he co-directed excavations in the Roman legionary fortress at Caerleon, with Dr Peter Guest of Cardiff University. Having taught extensively in adult education earlier in his career, and been involved in a range of public engagement activities at Caerleon, Andrew is passionate about the communication of archaeology to different audiences, and this is reflected in his involvement with organisations such as the Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies (currently a member of the Schools Committee) and CASPAR (the Centre for Audio-Visual Study and Practice in Archaeology). He also co-ordinates a research network on the theme of ‘Archaeology and Empire’ at the Institute of Archaeology.
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Rodney Harrison

UCL Institute of Archaeology, GB
About Rodney
Rodney Harrison is Professor of Heritage Studies at the UCL Institute of Archaeology and AHRC Heritage Priority Area Leadership Fellow. He is Principal Investigator of the AHRC-funded Heritage Futures Research Programme; Director of the Heritage Futures Laboratory at UCL; and leads the Work Package on “Theorizing heritage futures in Europe: heritage scenarios” as part of the EC funded Marie Sklodowska-Curie action [MSCA] Doctoral Training Network CHEurope: Critical Heritage Studies and the Future of Europe. He is the founding editor and editor-in-chief of the Journal of Contemporary Archaeology, and was a founding executive committee member of the Association of Critical Heritage Studies. He is the (co)author or (co)editor of more than a dozen books and guest edited journal volumes and over 70 peer reviewed journal articles and book chapters. In addition to the AHRC his research has been funded by the Global Challenges Research Fund, British Academy, Wenner-Gren Foundation, Australian Research Council, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies and the European Commission
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This short report represents the closing comments to the forum covering Brexit, Archaeology and Heritage.
How to Cite: Gardner, A. and Harrison, R., 2017. Brexit, Archaeology and Heritage: Reflections and Agendas. Papers from the Institute of Archaeology, 27(1), p.Art. 28. DOI:
  Published on 21 Dec 2017
 Accepted on 30 Nov 2017            Submitted on 29 Nov 2017

Closing Comment

We would like to thank the respondents to our paper for their contributions to the unfolding debate over Brexit and its relationship to archaeology and heritage. These essays reflect in diverse ways the complex intersection of the scholarly, the political and the personal that has perhaps always been with us, and increasingly commented upon, but which Brexit has brought to a moment of crisis from which we can only hope a positive outcome is still salvageable. Since writing the initial paper for this Forum in July of 2017, events have moved forward in several ways, although ironically in terms of the actual process of exiting the EU remarkably little has happened. More and more evidence is certainly emerging of the social and economic problems that this process, should it reach conclusion, will cause, whether in UK generally, in the rest of Europe (particularly in Ireland; e.g. House of Lords 2016; The UK in a Changing Europe 2017), or in our particular sector (Schlanger 2017). More disturbingly, perhaps, the tone of debate represented in some media outlets has darkened even further and universities in particular have come under attack as bastions of ‘remainerism’. Just prior to writing this piece, the Conservative politician Chris Heaton-Harris MP was in the news for seeking information about the teaching of Brexit-related issues in all UK universities (BBC 2017a). Whatever the motivation behind this, the front cover of the Daily Mail on October 26th (headline, ‘Our Remainer Universities’) followed up on this story, and made it clear that for some on the pro-Leave right-wing, universities are now a major target for political attack. This can be seen as part of a wider trend, pre-dating the referendum and becoming widespread across the western world (and certainly in the US), of right-wing populists painting universities – and, by extension, academic and scientific knowledge – as simultaneously liberal/left-biased and elitist (cf. Runciman 2016). Meanwhile, these same populist movements appear to be, literally, on the march, from Charlottesville in August (BBC 2017b), to Warsaw in November (BBC 2017c). It is very easy to be pessimistic about where all this is heading. We hope, though, that if nothing else these sorts of events will compel a mobilisation of all practitioners in the heritage and archaeology sectors, as professionals and as citizens, to engage with these issues directly. They are becoming inescapable, and critical discourse has never been more essential.

Competing Interests

The authors have no competing interests to declare.


  1. BBC (2017a). Tory MP under fire over ‘sinister’ Brexit demand to universities, 24/10/17.  Available at: (Accessed 17/11/17). 

  2. BBC (2017b). A reckoning in Charlottesville, 13/8/17.  Available at: (Accessed 17/11/17). 

  3. BBC (2017c). Warsaw nationalist march draws tens of thousands, 11/11/17.  Available at: (Accessed 17/11/17). 

  4. House of Lords (2016). Brexit: UK – Irish Relations, Report of the European Union Committee. Available at: (Accessed 17/11/17). 

  5. Runciman, D (2016). How the education gap is tearing politics apart. The Guardian, October 5 2016 Available at: (Accessed 17/11/17). 

  6. Schlanger, N (2017). Brexit in Betwixt: Some European Conjectures on its Predictability and Implications. The Historic Environment: Policy and Practice, DOI: (Accessed 17/11/17). 

  7. The UK in a Changing Europe (2017). Post-Brexit Law Enforcement Co-operation: Negotiations and future options, Available at: (Accessed 17/11/17). 

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